- Editorial: Getting to work for the society, by Irene Ring
2. News from ESEE and its members
- News from the ESEE board
- ESEE Ecological Economics Training Institutes: Call for applications
3. Hot Topic
- Biodiversity, motivation, habit: The big bad wolf and biodiversity in general, by Juha Hiedanpää
- Policy Mixes in Environmental and Conservation Policies, 25-27 February 2014, Leipzig, Germany
- Call for papers: Fourth International Conference on Degrowth for Ecological Sustainability and Social Equity, 2-6 September 2014, Leipzig, Germany
- Second Meeting of the Ecological Economics Association in Spain, 14-16 February 2014, Ronda (Malaga) Spain
- News Book: The Costs Of Economic Growth, Edited by Peter A. Victor, Professor in Environmental Studies, York University, Canada
6. Students and early career
- Ecological Economics Masters programs
- DFG/ICSU/ISSC Young Scientists Networking Conference on Integrated Science: Ecosystems and human wellbeing in the green economy
- Symposium on “Remote Sensing for Conservation”, 22-23 May 2014, London, UK
- Applied Methods Related to Regime Shifts in Social-Ecological Systems, 27-28 June 2014, Istanbul, Turkey
- European Summer School The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change, 6-12 July 2014, Venice, Italy
Editorial: Getting to work for the society
by Irene Ring
the end of the year 2013, I am looking back on a very busy year in
service for ESEE. We have been updating and setting up ESEE governance
structures with some experienced and many new board members. I would
like to take the opportunity to cordially thank my fellow board members
for all the hard work dedicated to ESEE this year. Many of us needed to
get familiar with new or additional tasks and it has not always been
easy to find the necessary time in the light of stressful lives in
research and education. Nevertheless, we had two board meetings with
full participation and I am really delighted having the pleasure to
work with a highly motivated and creative team. We are now all engaged
in 4 committees – Conferences and Meetings, Education, Publication and
Publicity, and Fund Raising and Membership, with a number of
initiatives on the horizon.
the Conferences and Meetings committee, the ESEE 2013 Conference has
naturally been the major focus, with preparations and discussions for
ESEE 2015 in Leeds, UK, already on their way. In the follow up of ESEE
2013, committee chair Olivier Petit is leading activities for the ESEE
special issue in Environmental Policy and Governance (EPG). The ESEE
2013 Local Organizing Team is also following up with further options
for conference publications, as there were various offers by publishers
as well as many promising paper submissions available. Furthermore, we
dealt with requests to become a partner of other conferences and
workshops. So we will have some ESEE-supported events in 2014, such as
the Degrowth Conference 2014 in Leipzig, Germany.
regard to the Education committee, the Board has decided at its summer
board meeting that in the future, we will financially support ESEE
Ecological Economics Training Institutes. Guidelines and a Call for
Applications are available at the "news" section of the newsletter and
we hope to provide some seed money already for a first event in 2014.
Committee chair Tatiana Kluvánková-Oravská has also led the process
working on the guidelines for the Best Student Paper prize, awarded at
the ESEE biannual conferences. For our website, Jasper Kenter is about
to update master courses with a significant component of ecological
economics in them.
Publication and Publicity committee has a lot of important continuous
tasks for our society with the regular newsletter and website
management, now under the responsibility of Lenka Slaviková. We
currently organise a change of duties for the core persons in the
background putting together and sending out the ESEE newsletter and
managing the website. I would like to cordially thank Panos Petridis at
the Vienna Institute of Social Ecology (newsletter) and Peter Baus at
CETIP network (website) for their managerial support to ESEE in the
past! During ESEE 2013, we had a meeting on the status and development
of Environmental Policy and Governance (EPG) together with Andy
Gouldson (Editor of EPG), Begüm Özkaynak (ESEE editor of EPG) and ESEE
representatives on the EPG Editorial Board. Previously called “European
Environment”, EPG is now on its way to become a truly international
journal since its relaunch under the present name back in 2009, when it
also became the official scientific journal of ESEE.
Fund Raising and Membership committee, chaired by Erik Gómez-Baggethun,
is currently updating the ESEE country contact network that has been
set up under the presidency of Arild Vatn. The ESEE board would like to
intensify the regular exchange between the country contacts and the
board. For this purpose, we are planning a joint half-day meeting just
before the ISEE 2014 conference in Reykjavik, Iceland. Led by Nuno
Videira, the committee is also intensively reviewing past experience on
membership campaigns and working on a membership recruitment and
but not least, our student representatives Leslie Carnoye and Jasper
Kenter are doing a great job involving students in ecological economics
and matters of the society. Leslie is managing and moderating the quite
active ESEE facebook group with a membership almost as large as the
membership of the society itself – wow! Jasper Kenter is handling the
ESEE student email list with around 200 participants, next to managing
the ESEE LinkedIn group. Both are also taking care of the ‘students and
early career’ section in the ESEE newsletter where we regularly get
acquainted with young academics in ecological economics.
ecological economics requires good research and intellectual
engagement. It also requires a dynamic society with active members and
good leadership. So if you have good ideas to support the work of the
board, please let us know! In the meanwhile, I wish you and your
families a peaceful and relaxing Christmas holiday and a Happy New
2. News from ESEE and its members
News from the ESEE board
ESEE Committees set up
Work in the ESEE Board is largely organized in sub-committees. During the last ESEE board meeting in June 2013 in Lille, four committee chairs
have been assigned to manage ESEE business in relation to education,
fund raising and membership, conferences and meetings as well as
publicity and publications. Each committee chair is supported by 2 to 3
board members, and together, they follow up with a number of
responsibilities on their agenda. Committee chairs are the relevant
persons to contact in case of your questions, comments or inputs,
relating to the agenda topics below. They are as follows:
· Education Committee
chaired by Tatiana Kluvánková-Oravská (agenda: summer schools, ESEE
training institutes, student prices, educational courses and programmes
in Ecological Economics)
· Fund Raising and Membership Committee chaired by Erik Gómez Baggethun (agenda: country contacts, membership, fund raising)
· Conference and Meetings Committee
chaired by Olivier Petit (agenda: ESEE conference venues, planning and
supervision; ESEE workshops and meetings; ESEE supported events)
· Publications and Publicity Committee chaired by Lenka Slavíková (agenda: website, newsletter, relations with journals, marketing and PR)
committee chairs welcome your suggestions and concerns, if any, so do
not hesitate to write them. All relevant contacts are listed on the
ESEE webpage in the governance section.
Election to the Board of the ISEE
elections of seven board members and the President-elect are currently
taking place. The elected candidates will all serve for two years. ESEE
members are automatically ISEE members, and have recently received
information on candidates and the election process. We encourage you to
cast your ballot!
ESEE Ecological Economics Training Institutes: Call for applications
the history of past educational events (THEMES 2006-2009, Thor
Heyerdahl Summer School in Environmental Governance 2011 & 2012,
Central European School on Multiple methods in the Governance of the
Commons (2009-2013), the ESEE board is pleased to announce a call
for funding a series of transdisciplinary and collaborative training
institutes on Ecological Economics aimed at early career researchers,
practitioners and decision-makers in Europe. Events can be focused on
any of the diverse range of topics associated with ecological
economics, but will share a common participatory approach and
structure. Local organisers can (annually) bid for up to 2000 euros for events that meet a number of criteria, as detailed below:
• Highly collaborative and participatory; not just a series of lectures and presentations.
• Transdisciplinary: including participants beyond academia, e.g.
decision-makers, practitioners, community representatives, etc.
• Students are heavily involved in organising the event.
• Zero or low cost for participation, with some kind of bursary opportunities for those in a low-income situation.
• The organisers have to record participant feedback on the event and make this available to ESEE.
• Environmental awareness: a plan to minimise (and potentially
compensate) the carbon footprint and other environmental costs.
• Involvement of one or more ESEE board members to guarantee
criteria are met and to further year-to-year learning regarding format
Further guidelines and suggestions
In addition to mandatory criteria, ESEE suggests the following
guidelines for the events. These guidelines will also be used to decide
between competing applications if more than one application is made for
sponsorship in an annual round.
• Duration: 2 days for pre-conference events, 3-5 days for other events
• Number of participants: 20-30 participants; a relatively small
group of students helps to build group cohesiveness and identity.
• A mix of students and post-docs with at least one third post-docs.
• Provide opportunities for publication of outputs.
• Provide opportunities for ECTS credits associated with courses.
• Remote locations are preferred to maximise engagement.
• Family friendly locations with childcare options available.
• As the decision on competing proposals is taken by the ESEE
Board, active ESEE Board members are excluded from submitting
applications for competition. However, they are still free to submit
applications, but these will only be considered in the case of no other
eligible application(s) available from applicants outside the ESEE
Board for the following year.
Procedure for applications
Candidates can apply annually to ESEE for up to 2000 euros towards the
cost of an event to be held within the following two years, provided it
meets the criteria, but are responsible for raising the remaining
funds. Applications should include a short rationale for the meeting
including a description of the meeting format (max 2 pages), a budget,
an indication of what ESEE funds will be spent on, and an overview of
other (potential) funding sources.
Applications for events in 2014 should be submitted by the 28th of February 2014, the decision will be published by the 30th of April 2014.
Applications for events in 2015 should be submitted by the 31st of October 2014, and will be decided upon in November 2014.
Tatiana Kluvankova-Oravska, Chair of Education committee
3. Hot Topic
Biodiversity, motivation, habit: The big bad wolf and biodiversity in general
by Juha Hiedanpää
is on the decline globally. This is the case despite various
institutional designs following the RIO 1992 summit. On a Brundtlandian
pathway, the Rio+20 meeting rearticulated the concern and hoped that we
[the representatives of the States] “with the full participation of
civil society, renew our commitment to sustainable development and to
ensuring the promotion of an economically, socially and environmentally
sustainable future for our planet and for present and future.” In
twenty years, the focus has shifted to the critical role of civil
society in attaining sustainable development. It is not only formal
institution-building that matters.
principles and spirits of international treaties, such as the
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna
and Flora (CITES), the Bern Convention, the Convention on Biological
Diversity (CBD) and, in Europe, the Habitats Directive as well, set the
basis for national conservation legislation. In Finland, as well as in
other parts of Europe, national biodiversity strategies and
biodiversity action plans have recently been undergoing renewal.
Governments around the globe are taking various steps to handle the
challenge of biodiversity. How much do biodiversity or ecosystem
services really weigh?
work of the intergovernmental platform for biodiversity and ecosystem
services (IPBES) began in 2012 with high expectations. It is hoped that
IPBES will prove as meaningful on the biodiversity front as the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has become on the
climate front. This may of course become the case. As national work is
about to begin, one important aspect has come to the fore, at least in
Finland. Governmental resources for the IPBES are miniscule. At the
first IPBES stakeholder meeting, held in November 2013, it became
evident that the majority of the work will build upon voluntary action
by scientists and administrators. Some participants stated that the
lack of financial resources will handicap the process. But not all
shared that opinion.
environmental economist stood up and claimed that, the situation being
as it is, we - as scientists and administrators - must act voluntarily,
become committed to the task of the good cause without asking for
payment for our time and effort. She hit the nail on the head.
all of the fine institutional arrangements erected for the sake of
protecting biodiversity – and the problems still prevail. The true
challenge is, then, not the institutional scaffolding as such but the
motivation that these scaffolds prevent or enable. It seems to be the
case that biodiversity laws, policies and instruments do not motivate
people to act for nature. Indeed, institutions have been erected to
prevent us from doing wrong (to biodiversity and people) but they have
not been designed to help us to do good. Prohibitions do not motivate
action the same way as, say, encouragement.
Nonetheless, people do exist who act for biodiversity. How do they do it? Why do they do it?
is exactly what the BIOMOT project (MOTivational strength of ecosystem
services and alternative ways to express the value of BIOdiversity) is
addressing in 2011–2015. The BIOMOT project, funded by the EU’s FP7
programme, collects together partners from seven European countries,
comprising eight partner universities. The project is employing a
variety of scientific disciplines, such as economics, philosophy,
governance studies and social psychology. The interdisciplinary work
will explore (i) the current state of environmental valuation and
actual and potential alternatives to mainstream approaches; (ii) the
features of those biodiversity policies, instruments and initiatives
that motivate people to act; (iii) the personal and social
characteristics of the innovators of such schemes; and (iv) the
building blocks of the alternative theory of motivation. When the
project concludes, it might be possible to gain a robust insight how
these “successful” schemes have broken old habits and routines and
helped to form new ones that motivate people to act for nature.
is, indeed, one task to figure out the causes and reasons for
inactivity, i.e. why people do not act for nature. The other task is to
figure out why people act purposefully against nature. This is the
wicked case with the protection of some specimens of biodiversity, say,
the wolf (Canis lupus).
Finland, the government has been committed to erecting institutional
scaffolds to protect the wolf, but this has actually had the opposite
effect: despite the efforts, the size of the wolf population has been
in a steady decline for nearly all of the past ten years. The Finnish
wolf policy is a showcase in institutional design, the purpose of which
is to prevent people from doing wrong, i.e. killing wolves illegally.
The government has, for instance, introduced a category of severe
hunting crime to the criminal code and multiplied the nominal values of
large carnivores. The approach has not been a solution to a problem.
Perhaps it is one of its key causes. The top-down regulation of the
wolf issues faces strong and persistent resistance, and at the same
time the ex ante and ex post damage compensation schemes and ever more
accurate information about the numbers and origins of wolves are not
really helping the people to live with the wolves.
question is: which kinds of instruments or policies would motivate
people to live with the wolves? This is not a matter of preventing
people from doing wrong, but actively helping them to do something
which is good for both themselves and the broader society. This concern
does not only apply in Finland. Large carnivores are also returning to
their native territories and habitats after decades of absence in other
parts of Europe.
the wolf policy would need workable “nudges” to make co-existence
easier. According to Cass Sunstein (2013, Simpler: the future of
government, p. 38), “nudges are approaches that influence decisions
while preserving the freedom of choice”. Thinking around nudges offers
a way to look beyond regulation, compensation and information and focus
on how to design perhaps only slightly modified choice architectures
that may have large effects on outcomes, i.e. how people come to terms
with the presence of the wolf. The wolf-related nudges alter the shared
environment of the wolf and humans. For instance, feeding areas for
white-tailed deer may be located a bit further away from the vicinity
of houses (so that they do not draw wolves close to humans) or sheep
pastures that are located close to wolves’ ecological routes may be
relocated (in order to lower the risk). These kinds of
social-ecological nudges preserve freedom of choice but may subtly
break the old habits of feeling, mind and action and help to form new
order to halt biodiversity decline, the challenge lies in understanding
the anatomy of motivation, how motivation is related to habits, and how
nudges and policy instruments can help to change problematic
behavioural patterns without diminishing the degree of freedom and
curtailing the basic rights of citizens, consumers and other species.
The BIOMOT project (http://biomotivation.eu)
Human-wildlife transactions: a pragmatist approach to institutional fit project (http://fitpa-project.blogspot.fi/)
Policy Mixes in Environmental and Conservation Policies, 25-27 February 2014, Leipzig, Germany
In most countries, environmental and conservation policies build on
strategies involving a wide range of policy instruments. Within these
policy mixes, economic instruments are gaining increasing attention
from policy-makers and analysts. This holds for policies designed to
conserve and finance biodiversity and secure ecosystem services as much
as for climate, energy and water-related policies. However, there are
still many open questions regarding the combination of several
instruments in a policy mix. What is the role of different instruments
or instrument types in a policy mix? What frameworks and empirical
methods for policy mix design and analysis are available? How can
the various instruments be assessed in their contribution to
environmental objectives, cost-effectiveness, cross-financing, social
and distributional impacts or institutional requirements, when
assessing policy mixes rather than single instruments?
conference brings together both researchers and practitioners to
discuss novel approaches to instrument analysis and design in policy
mixes, covering applications to a wide range of environmental and
conservation policies. Parallel sessions will cover theoretical
contributions as well as case studies from all relevant disciplines
such as political science, economics, law, ecology and other social and
natural sciences. We encourage integrative approaches bridging between
science and society and combining knowledge from different disciplines
for successful environmental and conservation policies.
Early bird registration until 20 December 2013!
Go to online registration: http://policymix.nina.no/Conference/Registration.aspx
Preliminary programme: http://policymix.nina.no/Conference/Program.aspx
Call for papers: Fourth International Conference on Degrowth for Ecological Sustainability and Social Equity, 2-6 September 2014, Leipzig, Germany
International Degrowth Conference has reached its fourth venue: since
Paris 2008 the debate on how to move away from a growth-oriented
economy towards a more sustainable society has drawn world-wide
attention. The Degrowth Conference questions the importance of growth
for economic policies and seeks to promote social and sustainable
alternatives. Different traditions of growth critique, such as the
concept of a post-growth society stemming from the German-speaking
community or the French and Southern European degrowth debate, are
invited to a fruitful dialogue. The 2014 conference will give room for
scientific debates, exchange between activists and economic/cultural
pioneers and also artistic approaches to the subject. For further
information see: http://leipzig.degrowth.org/
conference has three overarching topics: (1) Organizing society, (2)
Building a social and ecological economy, (3) Living conviviality. More
detailed information: http://leipzig.degrowth.org/en/threads/
Date and location: The conference will take place in the German city of Leipzig on September 2-6, 2014.
Submission deadline for abstracts and papers: January 31, 2014
Submission deadline for special sessions: December 31, 2013
All information on submissions: http://leipzig.degrowth.org/en/call-for-papers/
Second Meeting of the Ecological Economics Association in Spain, 14-16 February 2014, Ronda (Malaga) Spain
Ecological Economics Association in Spain announces its forthcoming second meeting, to be
held on February 14-16, 2014 in Ronda (Malaga) Spain. The theme of the
meeting is “Changing values in university education system: ecological
economics, holistic education and agroecology”. The aim is to
facilitate the exchange of experiences and knowledge between ecological
economists to promote a change of values in the university education
Ecological Economics Association in Spain (the former Spanish
Ecological Economics Network) aims to promote and coordinate the
teaching in ecological economics at national level, facilitating the
exchange of experiences and knowledge between Spanish ecological
economists and promoting the relations with the European and
international societies of ecological economics.
For further information visit: www.ecoecoes.es
New Book: The Costs Of Economic Growth, Edited by Peter A. Victor, Professor in Environmental Studies, York University, Canada.
is a convenient and comprehensive collection of seminal papers on the
costs of economic growth. The papers are grouped in 6 sections
covering: the origins of the debate, the limits to growth, measurement,
international and global dimensions, developing countries, and looking
ahead. The original introduction, written by the editor, draws out the
main themes that run through this extensive and thought-provoking
literature. This timely collection is intended for academics, students,
researchers and anyone interested in this controversial
6. Students and early career
Ecological Economics Masters programs
European Society for Ecological Economics needs your help! We are
updating our list of master degrees that have a significant component
of ecological economics in them. If you know of any such masters
programs, could you please register them using this link: http://goo.gl/PJjebq
Want to register more than one? When you completed the form, just click ‘Submit another response’.
More info: Contact Jasper Kenter (ESEE student representative), firstname.lastname@example.org.
DFG/ICSU/ISSC Young Scientists Networking Conference on Integrated Science: Ecosystems and human wellbeing in the green economy
key theme of the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable
Development, held in June 2012, was the promotion of a “green
economy”. Future Earth,
launched during Rio+20, is an ambitious new 10-year research programme
which will provide the knowledge we need to tackle the most urgent
challenges of the 21st century related to global sustainability, and
that includes issues relating to transformations towards green
The International Social Science Council (ISSC) and the International Council for Science (ICSU), in collaboration with the International Network of Next Generation Ecologists (INNGE) and Institute for New Economic Thinking’s Young Scholars Initiative (INET YSI),
are planning to assemble a group of early career researchers with
diverse backgrounds and research perspectives to reflect on ecosystems and human wellbeing in the transition towards green economies and debate relevant issues as part of a series of conferences on Integrated Science that are funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
aim is to bring together creative multidimensional, interdisciplinary
and trans-disciplinary perspectives to address the complex topic of how
future societies deal with ecosystems and human wellbeing. Young
scientists will debate issues relating to the topic, questioning key
assumptions, theories and models underlying the current research on
ecosystems, human wellbeing, and the transformation towards green
economies; dynamics of governance, justice, authority at global and
local levels; and the development of research methodologies to assess
change in the transformations towards sustainability.
Networking Conference is open to post-doctoral researchers interested
in the collaboration between the social and the natural sciences. The
conference will bring together senior and leading scientists and
researchers with a diversity of perspectives to identify top priority
questions for future research on the topic.
Closing date for applications: 7 January 2014.
More info: click here
Symposium on “Remote Sensing for Conservation”, 22-23 May 2014, London
symposium will illustrate how integrative approaches allow a better
ecological understanding of the mechanisms shaping current changes in
biodiversity patterns, while triggering innovative approaches, new
research directions in remote sensing science and the development of
new remote sensing products. It will also demonstrate how ecological
knowledge and satellite-based information on environmental conditions
can be effectively combined to address a wide array of current
conservations needs. By bringing together a range of stakeholders
spanning academic experts in remote sensing and ecology, conservation
NGOs to policy makers and space agency representatives, it will finally
highlight how knowledge exchange is at the heart of the future
development of both disciplines.
More info: http://remote-sensing-conservation.org/symposium2014
Applied Methods Related to Regime Shifts in Social-Ecological Systems, 27-28 June 2014, Istanbul, Turkey
ecosystems have nonlinear features that can cause them to shift
abruptly from one state to another. Human action is typically the
trigger for such regime shifts, which can be difficult to reverse and
can cause the loss of valuable ecosystem services. Regime shifts have
been documented for example in coral reefs, savannahs, and lakes. More
details and examples can be found in the Regime Shifts database (www.regimeshifts.org).
Economists have become increasingly interested in understanding how
regime shifts affect environmental management and policy decisions.
course is a standalone follow up to the one held two years ago in
Prague which was mostly on theory. This time we will focus on two
methodological approaches for conducting applied research on
environmental regime shifts: statistical methods for identifying
thresholds and tipping points in empirical data sets, and experimental
methods to assess behavioral responses of people to regime shifts. In
addition to lectures, the course will include lab sessions in which
participants will gain experience applying these approaches.
the lectures and lab sessions, there will also be discussion sessions
during which participants will work with the instructors to identify
promising topics for applied research on environmental regime shifts in
their countries and determine the key informational requirements for
studies on those topics. The intention is to give participants a head
start on preparing research proposals to be submitted to funding
sources in their countries or regions. The course will be different
from the previous one and a good complement for the students who took
it last time, however people who didn't have the opportunity to take
the course two years ago are much welcome to apply as well on equal
The course will be held at the Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Istanbul, immediately before the 2014 World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists. Its target audience is researchers from developing and transition countries. It is organized by the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics.
Deadline for papers applications: February 1st, 2014
More info: www.wcere2014.org/en/Pre-Conference-Events.html
European Summer School "The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change", 6-12 July 2014, Venice, Italy
The European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE), Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and Venice International University
(VIU) are pleased to announce their annual European Summer School in
Resource and Environmental Economics for postgraduate students. The
2014 Summer School will take place from July 6th - 12th, at the VIU
campus on the Island of San Servolo, in Venice, located just in front
of St. Mark’s Square. The theme of this Summer School is “The Economics
of Adaptation to Climate Change”.
There is no doubt that both
adaptation and mitigation will be necessary to reduce the impact of
anthropogenic global warming on the economy. The objective of the
School is to provide tools and methods to understand how economists
frame the problem of adaptation to climate change. The lectures will
start with an introduction to the theory of adaptation to climate
change and will then focus on specific sectors or impacts – tropical
cyclones, agriculture, forestry and ecosystems, water. Two final
lectures will introduce the use of integrated assessment modeling tools
to study optimal adaptation to climate change.
Application deadline: February 1st, 2014
More info: http://www.feem.it/ess/